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rlfvarl – list of free variables

Calling Sequence

rlfvarl \((\,\varphi\,)\)


\(\varphi\) first-order formula


\(L\) list of variables


Returns the set of all variables that have a free occurrence in \(\varphi\) as a list. \(L\) is sorted according to the Reduce kernel order.

An occurrence of a variable is an occurrence inside an atomic formula. A free occurrence is an occurrence outside the scope of a corresponding quantifier. Note that by this definition, variables that are quantified but do not appear in any atomic formulas do not occur at all.


rlfvarl(ex({w, x, y, z}, v=0 and x=0 and y=0) and w=0 and y=0);

See Also